Friday, May 30, 2014

What language DID Jesus speak? Benjamin Netanyahu and Pope's disagreement opens debate on whether he spoke Hebrew or Aramaic.

At a meeting in Jerusalem, Israel's prime minister told the Pope that Jesus spoke Hebrew and the Pope corrected him by saying 'Aramaic' Historians believe that Hebrew was the language of scholars and scriptures, so Jesus probably spoke both dialects Christ may have spoken a few words of Latin and Greek No-one knows the language he spoke for sure, or whether he could write.

The Pope’s pilgrimage to the Middle East was controversial because of the holy leader’s impromptu prayer session at the West Bank’s barrier. And a playful religious disagreement also took place between Pope Francis and Israel’s prime minister, which revolved around Jesus’ linguistic skills. Benjamin Netanyahu and the Pope had a small, good natured squabble about the language spoken by Jesus Christ. Scroll down for video.

Aramaic! Benjamin Netanyahu (left) and the Pope (right) had a small, humorous squabble (pictured) about the language spoken by Jesus Christ, with Israel's prime minister saying that the religious leader spoke Hebrew, while the Pope said Aramaic
Aramaic! Benjamin Netanyahu (left) and the Pope (right) had a small, humorous squabble (pictured) about the language spoken by Jesus Christ, with Israel's prime minister saying that the religious leader spoke Hebrew, while the Pope said Aramaic
At a meeting in Jerusalem, Mr Netanyahu told the Pope: ’Jesus was here, in this land. He spoke Hebrew,’ in a bid to discuss the strong ties between Judaism and Christianity. To which the smiling Pope corrected: ‘Aramaic. He spoke Aramaic, but he knew Hebrew.’

BIBLICAL ARAMAIC Most Biblical scholars agree that Jesus and his disciples spoke Aramaic, which was the common language of Judea in the first century AD. It is likely that Jesus spoke a local Galilean dialect and the towns of Nazareth was an Aramaic speaking community. Despite the increasing importance of Greek, Aramaic was the dominant language among Jews in the Holy Land and across the Middle East until the Arab conquest in the seventh century. Aramaic words frequently pop up in Biblical text, such as 'Abba, Father, ‘and place names including Gethsemane - the place where Jesus took his disciples to pray before his arrest - are thought to have an Aramaic root. No-one really knows whether Jesus could write. Some experts believe he could speak Hebrew. Opinion is divided as to whether the religious leader knew any Greek or Latin.

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Tuesday, April 1, 2014

Genesis 1:1 in Aramaic-'In the beginning...'

The book of Genesis was originally written in Hebrew as was the most part of the Old Testament.Only the book of Ezra and Daniel were originally written in Aramaic.

This is a translation of the first verse of the Book of Genesis aka Bereshit in Aramaic.

ty$rbBereshit (Book of Genesis) 1:1
EnglishIn the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
Aramaic)(r) tyw )ymp yt yh )rb nymdqb
transcriptiona'ra tyw aymp yt yh arb nymdqb




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Sunday, March 30, 2014

Mark 14:30 ...before the rooster crows twice...

Mark 14:30
English
And Jesus said to him, “Truly, I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.”
Greek
καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Ἀμὴν λέγω σοι ὅτι σὺ σήμερον ἐν τῇ νυκτὶ ταύτῃ πρὶν ἢ δὶς ἀλέκτορα φωνῆσαι τρὶς ἀπαρνήσῃ με.
Aramaic
ܐܳܡܰܪ ܠܶܗ ܝܶܫܽܘܥ ܐܰܡܺܝܢ ܐܳܡܰܪ ܐ݈ܢܳܐ ܠܳܟ݂ ܕ݁ܰܐܢ݈ܬ݁ ܝܰܘܡܳܢܳܐ ܒ݁ܠܺܠܝܳܐ ܗܳܢܳܐ ܩܕ݂ܳܡ ܕ݁ܢܶܩܪܶܐ ܬ݁ܰܪܢܳܓ݂ܠܳܐ ܬ݁ܰܪܬ݁ܶܝܢ ܙܰܒ݂ܢܺܝܢ ܬ݁ܠܳܬ݂ ܬ݁ܶܟ݂ܦ݁ܽܘܪ ܒ݁ܺܝ ܀
transcription
?Amar leh yeshuʕ, "?ammin amar (?)na lakh da(?n)t yawmana belilya hana qedam deneqre tamaghla tarten zabnin telat tekhpur."


vocabulary
?ammar - say, speak, announce, affirm
leh - to,for
Yeshuʕ or Yeshua - Jesus
?ammin - Amen, verily
(?)na or ana - I
a(?n)t or ant - thou
b - in, by, into, among, at, with, against
yawmana - today
belilya - night
hana - this,these
qedam - call ,read
tamaghla - rooster
tarten - two
zabnin - time , season
telat - three
tekhpur - deny

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Thursday, March 27, 2014

'Eternal life'- 1John 2:25


1John 2:25

ܘܗܳܢܰܘ ܫܽܘܘ݈ܕ݁ܳܝܳܐ ܕ݁ܶܐܫܬ݁ܰܘܕ݁ܺܝ ܠܰܢ ܚܰܝܶܐ ܕ݁ܰܠܥܳܠܰܡ ܀
dalālam khayye lan de'shtawdi shu(w)dāyā whānaw
And this is the promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life.


promise ܫܽܘܘ݈ܕ݁ܳܝܳܐ
to promise ܕ݁ܶܐܫܬ݁ܰܘܕ݁ܺܝ
to ܠܰܢ
life,salvation ܚܰܝܶܐ
eternity,age,world ܕ݁ܰܠܥܳܠܰܡ
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Wednesday, March 26, 2014

No such thing as the Lord's Prayer in GALILEAN Aramaic!

two reconstructed versions of the beginning of Lord's prayer in Galilean


You heard me.There is no such thing as the Lord's Prayer in Galilean Aramaic-the language that Jesus Christ spoke the most.Not in the original form anyway.Only reconstructions of it exist.Let me elaborate on this.

No text has ever been found with the Lord's Prayer in the Galilean dialect.The oldest known form of the prayer is in Greek from the Gospels of Luke and Mark.The prayer is not found in Matthews's Gospel.The only attested form of the prayer in Aramaic is that of the Peshitta in Syriac Aramaic which is a translation of the original Greek text.

What it does exist are recontructions of the prayer in Galilean Aramaic like this and this.Some of these are based on science like linguistics (phonology,dialectology) and history .Others on the imagination of the author who sometimes mixes both science and fiction to come up with an 'original' Lord's prayer in Galilean.What you should  take into account is that Galilean Aramaic itself is an obscure dialect not widely attested.In fact we know little of this dialect .Let alone reconstruct a prayer in it.

Over the internet the most popular version is the Lord's prayer in Syriac Aramaic either romanized or in the Syriac script (Estrangelo mainly).The Syriac Lord's Prayer is sometimes written in fonts like the Herodian script -used for Aramaic in the times of Jesus in Palestine- to make it look Galilean.

Reconctructions of the prayer in Galilean Aramaic are rather scarce.


The single fact remains that since the Lord's Prayer is not attested in Galilean Aramaic so we cannot know for sure what this form of the prayer was like.

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