Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Syriac Aramaic

leššānā Suryāyā
Syriac language
Syriac developed from Old Syriac,an Aramaic dialect .It was initially spoken by Aramaic speakers in Sassanid Persia and it came to be a major trade,literary,liturgical and a lingua franca of the Middle East,in the so-called fertile Crescent.

By the 8th century A.D. it was mostly replaced by Arabic and by 1200 AD ceased to be a spoken language,used only for liturgical purposes by Syriac Christians up to this day.In 1200 AD and onwards it started evolving into some Neo-Aramaic vernaculars.

Syriac timeline

Syriac was written in Syriac Estrangelo script ,which was the classical script for the language.In 5 AD after the split of Syriac Church into Eastern and Western the Nestorian and Serto versions of Estrangelo evolved and were both were used for writting Syriac.

In the 3rd century AD the Translation of the New Testament was completed from the Greek original.The Syriac Aramaic version of the Bible is called the Peshitta,meaning simple or common.

Pšîṭtâ

The first traces of Syriac date back to 500 B.C. and are influences on Imperial Aramaic.

  


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